GentleCure Blog

How to Read a UV Index Map

The National Weather Association provides a UV Index forecast for most of the regions across the United States. Simply input your zip code, and you can view the hourly and daily UV Index forecast for your area. In addition to the UV Index scale, you can also reference UV Index maps, which show the different levels of radiation by location in a color-coded format. Below, we delve into greater detail about the UV Index scale and how to read a UV Index map. 

UV Index Map Explained 

If you want to view the UV Index map for the United States, go to the UV Index on There, you’ll see UV Index maps for the whole country over the course of 1-4 days. The map shows the predicted UV Index values during the solar noon hour for each day. Below the map, you’ll find the UV Index map key; these values are based on the UV Index scale and each number corresponds to a different color. The higher the number, the greater the UV radiation. 

UV Radiation by Region 

On a UV Index map of the U.S. during solar noon, southern states are usually shaded in colors like pink, red, and orange. Northern states are usually shaded in light orange, yellow, light green, dark green, and blue. These colors on the map key correlate to higher UV radiation exposure in the southern regions vs. lower UV radiation exposure in the northern regions. 

If you were to look at a world UV Index map, you would notice higher levels of UV radiation in regions that are consistently warmer, such as the regions around the equator. The UV Index Scale is 1-11+, and in countries that are close to the equator, it’s not uncommon for the UV radiation level to be as high as 20. 

UV Index Scale 

Again, the UV Index scale is 1-11+. So, what does the UV Index rating mean for your area on any given day? Here’s a breakdown of the UV Index scale, and how you can better protect your skin from harmful exposure: 

  • 0-2 is Low: You can safely enjoy being outdoors. (Sunscreen is always recommended for when you’re outside.) 
  • 3-7 is Moderate to High: Wear sunscreen and seek shade during midday. Protective clothing is also recommended, such as a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses. 
  • 8-11+ is Very High to Extreme: Generously apply sunscreen and take extra precautions. Wear protective clothing, and avoid being outdoors during midday. 

Do you want to look more closely at the UV levels for your area at solar noon? Enter your zip code into the EPA UV Index tool to the right and click the green magnifying glass. You’ll be taken to a page that covers the hourly and daily UV Index forecast for your area so that you can plan your outdoor activities accordingly. 

Pay Attention to Your Shadow

There’s an easy way to get a feel for how much UV radiation exposure you’re getting: look at your shadow. Generally, if your shadow is taller than you (which is common in the early morning and late afternoon), UV exposure is lower. On the other hand, if your shadow is shorter than you (around midday), UV exposure is higher and you should protect yourself. This method doesn’t give you an exact measurement of UV radiation like the UV Index scale, but it’s a good way to gauge your surroundings when you’re outdoors. 

Learn More from GentleCure 

Checking the UV Index daily and taking the necessary precautions before leaving your home is a good way to help lower the risk of developing skin cancer, as well as sunburn and premature aging. If you have any questions for our skin cancer information specialists about prevention and treatment, contact us to learn more.